1: Introduction Deforestation harms hummingbirds by destroying their nesting sites, leading to population decline.

2: Habitat Loss With fewer trees, hummingbirds struggle to find suitable locations to build their nests.

3: Food Scarcity Deforestation disrupts the hummingbirds' food sources, impacting their ability to feed their young.

4: Displacement Hummingbirds are forced to compete for limited resources, causing stress and reduced breeding success.

5: Predation Risks Open spaces make hummingbird nests more vulnerable to predators, threatening their survival.

6: Climate Impact Deforestation affects the microclimate of nesting sites, exposing hummingbirds to extreme weather conditions.

7: Reproduction Challenges Loss of nesting sites and food sources hinder breeding efforts, leading to declining hummingbird populations.

8: Conservation Efforts Protecting forests and restoring habitats are crucial for ensuring the survival of hummingbirds.

9: Conclusion Deforestation negatively impacts hummingbird nesting sites, highlighting the urgent need for conservation efforts.